|Objective:||This subject is designed to prepare students to reach the standard expected for foundation level. This subject also exposes students to various concepts and basic physics knowledge in main topics such as Thermodynamics, Waves, Optics and Modern Physics. Student will learn the application of the models, laws and fundamental principles in solving various problems applicable for each topic.|
|Student Learning Time:||160 hours|
Industrial Talk Report: 10% Midterm Test: 20%
Final Examination: 50%
Waves and Vibration
Definition of a wave, Properties of waves, Types of waves : Transverse, Longitudinal ,Traveling, Standing waves, Mechanical and Electromagnetic waves, Sinusoidal wave, Propagation of wave (v=f?), Wave function, Superposition principle, Nodes and Antinodes of a standing wave. Vibrations of a fixed string, Standing wave in a string fixed at both ends, Resonance, Standing wave in air column.
Properties of sound wave, Categories of sound wave, Sound Transducers, Speed of sound in different media, Interference of sound, Beats, Pitch, Octave, Tone and Overtone and Harmonics, Intensity, Sound level in decibel, Doppler effect.
Electromagnetic Spectrum. Properties of Electromagnetic waves. Geometrical Optic, Properties of Light, Reflection of Light, Refraction of Light, Huygens’ Principle, Snell’s Law, Critical Angle, Total Internal Reflection, Application of total internal reflection , Diffraction of Light, Young’s Experiment :Single Slit, Double Slit. Diffraction Grating, Interference of Light: Constructive and Destructive, Coherent source, Polarization of light waves. Mirror And Lenses, Flat Mirrors, Spherical Mirrors, Concave Mirror, Convex Mirror, Thin Lenses, Ray Diagrams : Single Lens and Combination, Power of Lenses.
Charged particles i.e electron, Beams of charged particles, Cathode -ray oscilloscope, Classical Wave Theory, Planck Quantum Theory, Photoelectric Effect, The wave-particle duality, Louis de Broglie Hypothesis, Bohr’s Model of Atom, Energy Level of Hydrogen , Line Spectra.
Radioactivity and Nuclear Energy
Radioactivity, Types of Radiation, Exponential Decay Equations, Decay Constant, Half Life, Decay Processes: Alfa, Beta, Gamma. Radioactive Applications: Dating, Medical, Industrial, Agriculture. Rutherford’s Alpha - scattering experiment, Nucleus and Nuclear Reaction, Protons and Neutrons, Atomic and Mass Numbers, Isotopes, Einstein’s Equation, Nuclear Reactions, Binding Energy, Fusion and Fission, Chain Reaction.
Heat and Thermodynamics
Heat and Temperature, units of Temperature and Heat, Types of Thermometers, Linear expansion, Thermal Conduction, Specific Heat, Latent Heat, Melting Point and Boiling Point, Heating and Cooling curve, The Ideal Gas Law, Introduction to Thermodynamics.
At the completion of the subject, students should be able to: